Computational Analysis of Mahabharata

Digital Concordance and Grammatical Analysis of Mahabharata and Tatparyanirnaya
Department of Philosophy

The Computational Analysis of Mahabharata aims to develop – MAHE Mahabharata – the Digital Concordance of three critical editions of Mahabharata compiled and published in the first half of twentieth century and Tatparyanirnaya by eminent scholars. This Digital Concordance primarily displays multirecensions and showcases the textual variations among theses three voluminous critical editions. The multirecension display is also integrated with Grammatical Analyses of the text of Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute (BORI) edition. This is funded by Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE) and also was supported by Vedavyasa Samshodhana Kendra (VSK), Subrahmanya towards a part of the third critical edition.

The project, with the help of Sanskrit Computational Linguistics (SCL), plans to connect Indian and international Saṁskṛt scholars and prepare ground for knowledge sharing; just as technical knowledge provides solution for the dissemination of Saṁskṛt works. This will help take this knowledge to international audiences, particularly scholars who have considerable knowledge of Saṁskṛt but continue to need additional inputs.

Mahābhārata of Vedavyāsa

Mahābhārata, the magnum opus of Vedavyāsa, is a text with over 100,000 verses in 18 Parvas and it is said to be the world’s biggest literature epic that deals with all the aspects of human life – physical, psychological and philosophical. There is a saying in Mahābhārata that “On the topics of codes of conduct, wisdom, desire and the final destiny of life, one could find everything in the texts of Mahābhārata and if not, nowhere else.” This vast literature is a source of wisdom, which speaks about almost every aspect of human civilization.

Mahābhārata-tātparyanirṇaya

Ācārya Madhva (Anandatirtha), one of the major philosophical thinkers in India has written a major commentary on Mahābhārata titled Mahābhārata-tātparyanirṇaya and also a short commentary titled Mahābhāratatātparya (Yamakabhārata). The Tātparyanirṇaya comprises of 5180 verses in 32 chapters presents the stories of Rāmāyaṇa, Mahābhārata, Harivamśa, Bhāgavatapurāṇa and other major treatises in a chronological order that are apparently sporadic in these texts. This text emphasises on the philosophical understanding of these texts and addresses several questions raised about different interpretations. It also deals with several questions raised about ethical stances of this epic literature and offers solutions to philosophical conflicts that otherwise arise. The commentary is said to be a realistic perspective of Mahābhārata.

Objectives 

  • To facilitate unambiguous interpretations of Mahābhārata through computational tools
  • To employ the best research practices and foster understanding of Mahābhārata
  • To provide the base for knowledge sharing and support building the existing applications
  • To bridge the gap between traditional and modern academia with the help of technology

Outcomes 

  • Increased understanding of Indian epics and philosophy
  • Mainstreaming of Indian traditional scholarship with the help of computational linguistics
  • Increased academic output in India Studies with a focus on contemporary relevance

Project consultants 

Project team members