Computational Analysis of Mahabharata

Grammatical Analysis and Contextual Tagging
of Mahabharata and Tatparyanirnaya
Dvaita Philosophy Resource Centre

This 40-month research project, funded by Manipal University, is of verifying, analysing and indexing of verses 105,000 (both Mahābhārata and Tātparyanirṇaya) is planned for a period of 40 months in different phases.

The project, with the help of Sanskrit Computational Linguistics (SCL), plans to connect Indian and international Saṁskṛt scholars and prepare ground for knowledge sharing; just as technical knowledge provides solution for the dissemination of Saṁskṛt works.

This will help take this knowledge to international audiences, particularly scholars who have considerable knowledge of Saṁskṛt but continue to need additional inputs. Mahābhārata, with its more than 100,000 verses, is the largest epic that deals with several dimensions of human life; physical and philosophical.

Mahābhārata of Vedavyāsa

Mahābhārata, the magnum opus of Vedavyāsa, is a text with over 100,000 verses in 18 Parvas and it is said to be the world’s biggest literature epic that deals with all the aspects of human life. There is a saying in Mahābhārata that “On the topics of codes of conduct, wisdom, desire and the final destiny of life, one could find everything in the texts of Mahābhārata and if not, nowhere else.” This vast literature is a source of wisdom, which speaks about almost every aspect of human civilization.

Mahābhārata-tātparyanirṇaya

Ācārya Madhva (Anandatirtha), one of the major philosophical thinkers in India has written a major commentary on Mahābhārata titled Mahābhārata-tātparyanirṇaya and also a short commentary titled Mahābhāratatātparya (Yamakabhārata). The Tātparyanirṇaya comprises of 5180 verses in 32 chapters presents the stories of Rāmāyaṇa, Mahābhārata, Harivamśa, Bhāgavatapurāṇa and other major treatises in a chronological order that are apparently sporadic in these texts. This text emphasises on the philosophical understanding of these texts and addresses several questions raised about different interpretations. It also deals with several questions raised about ethical stances of this epic literature and offers solutions to philosophical conflicts that otherwise arise. The commentary is said to be a realistic perspective of Mahābhārata.

Objectives 

  • To facilitate unambiguous interpretations of Mahābhārata through computational tools
  • To employ the best research practices and foster understanding of Mahābhārata
  • To provide the base for knowledge sharing and support building the existing applications
  • To bridge the gap between traditional and modern academia with the help of technology

Outcomes 

  • Increased understanding of Indian epics and philosophy
  • Mainstreaming of Indian traditional scholarship with the help of computational linguistics
  • Increased academic output in India Studies with a focus on contemporary relevance

Project consultants 

Project team members 

  • Srinivasa Kumar N Acharya DPRC Coordinator and Principal Investigator
  • Dr Arjuna S R – Research Coordinator and Project Lead
  • Dr Anuja Ajotikar – Senior Research Associate and Team Lead
  • Gowtham R – Research Associate 
  • Narayana Bhat – Research Associate 
  • Devarshi Tiwari – Research Assistant